October 7, 1763
Following its victory over France and Spain in the French and Indian War, Great Britain divided the newly acquired Florida territory into the colonies of East and West Florida through the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The decree set West Florida’s northern boundary at the 31st parallel, which continues to define most of Alabama’s border with Florida today. Spain regained control of the Florida colonies after the American Revolution, but its presence in West Florida remained limited through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, when Americans began believing that the colony rightfully belonged to them. During the War of 1812, the United States finally occupied the region and assumed control by force.
Read more at Encyclopedia of Alabama.
For more on Alabama’s Bicentennial, visit Alabama 200.