On this day in Alabama history: Chickasaw Nation signed Treaty of Franklin with U.S.

On this day in Alabama history: Chickasaw Nation signed Treaty of Franklin with U.S.
In 1830, Chickasaw tribal representatives met with U.S. delegates, including President Andrew Jackson, and a treaty was signed on Aug. 31 at Franklin, Tennessee. The Chickasaws agreed to cede their two million acres in Alabama and Mississippi in exchange for an equal amount of land to the west, but this treaty was voided when a suitable area could not be found. (Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division)

August 31, 1830

Representatives of the Chickasaw Nation signed the Treaty of Franklin with the United States, agreeing to cede their land in Alabama and Mississippi for an equal amount of land in the West. The treaty followed the passage of the Indian Removal Act earlier that year, but was soon voided due to the lack of suitable land. The two sides renegotiated in 1832 with the Treaty of Pontotoc Creek, in which the United States agreed to pay $3 million for Chickasaw land — although payment stalled for 30 years. In 1837, most of Chickasaw Nation finally traveled to Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears, on which more than 500 died of dysentery and smallpox.

Read more at Encyclopedia of Alabama.

For more on Alabama’s Bicentennial, visit Alabama 200.

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