On this day in Alabama history: Jefferson County was founded

On this day in Alabama history: Jefferson County was founded
Downtown Birmingham, as seen from Red Mountain with the iconic statue of Vulcan in the foreground. Located in Jefferson County, Birmingham is the most populous city in Alabama and is a center of banking, finance, higher education, and medicine. (From Encyclopedia of Alabama, photograph by M. Lewis Kennedy; courtesy of Vulcan Park and Museum)

Dec. 13, 1819

Jefferson County was created by the Alabama Legislature on this day in 1819, the day before Alabama became the 22nd state in the United States. Located in north-central Alabama, Jefferson County is the most populous county in Alabama, with a population of almost 660,000, according to a 2018 Census estimate. The county was the setting for Alabama’s industrial revolution in the 19th and early 20th centuries, thanks to the area’s abundant mineral deposits. The county is also the site of many defining moments in the civil rights movement. Today, Jefferson County is a business center, especially in banking, medicine and research, and the University of Alabama at Birmingham is a significant employer and driver of the economy. Birmingham is the county seat.

Read more at Encyclopedia of Alabama.

For more on Alabama’s Bicentennial, visit Alabama 200.


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