Airbus increases ownership of Alabama-built jet to 75%

Airbus increases ownership of Alabama-built jet to 75%
Airbus will continue to produce the A220 in Mobile after it increased its stake in the jetliner and Bombardier exited. (Airbus)

Airbus SE increased its stake in the A220 jetliner to 75%, consolidating control of the narrow-body model as debt-laden Bombardier Inc. exits the program to preserve cash.

Airbus, which previously held about 50% of the venture, will pay $591 million to the Canadian firm. The government of Quebec lifted its share to 25%, the companies said Thursday. The A220 will be produced in Mobile along with the Airbus A320 family of airplanes.

“Here in Mobile nothing changes: we are continuing to hire for our A220 and A320 programs, are on track for our first A220 delivery from Mobile in Q3 of this year, and on track for reaching rate four (producing four a month) in the A220 program by the middle of the decade,” said Kristi Tucker, director of communications for Airbus in Mobile.

The Airbus campus at Mobile Aeroplex at Brookley continues to grow. Construction of an assembly operation for A220 aircraft is visible in this photo. (Airbus)

The transaction expands Airbus’s bet on a 100- to 150-seat plane that complements its A320-series workhorse in the fast-growing single-aisle market. The company said it will accelerate production of both jets as Boeing Co.’s rival 737 Max remains grounded after two fatal crashes.

For Montreal-based Bombardier, the deal closes the book on more than $6 billion of investment that was meant to challenge the two top planemakers but instead left it saddled with debt that has forced the company into a breakup.

“This is good news for our customers and employees as well as for the Quebec and Canadian aerospace industry,” Airbus Chief Executive Officer Guillaume Faury said. Bombardier has been released from future capital requirements while safeguarding 3,300 jobs in Quebec, according to the statement.

The A220 offers Airbus scope for expansion in a single-aisle plane market where its own A320 is sold out for years to come. Boeing’s Max is set to stay idle until the middle of the year, at least.

The A220 secured 63 orders in 2019 on a net basis, with 48 aircraft handed over to customers. Deliveries will increase to about 55 this year, Faury said. Airbus is taking steps to lift output of the A320 to as many as 67 planes a month by 2023.

Airbus separately announced full-year earnings that were blighted by one-time charges.

Earnings highlights:

  • Airbus slumped to a net loss after a $3.9 billion penalty for a bribery settlement and a $1.3 billion hit against lower export prospects for the A400M airlifter.
  • The corruption settlement will hurt cash flow this year, as will the A400M, said Jefferies analyst Sandy Morris.
  • Airbus needs to maximize “financial firepower” until full repercussions of the Max crisis are known, Morris said.

Airbus is close to securing an A220 sale to Nigeria’s Green Africa Airways in what would be a coup for the model after the startup originally ordered the Boeing Max, the Wall Street Journal reported, without saying where it got the information.

Originally named the C Series, the A220 won praise for fuel-efficient engines, composite wings and an airy cabin featuring large windows. But the plane ran more than two years late and about $2 billion over budget, and had trouble attracting buyers in an industry dominated for decades by Airbus and Boeing.

Tariff threat

Unveiling of an Airbus A220-300 aircraft in Colomiers (near Toulouse), France, on Tuesday, July 10, 2018. (Christophe Morin / Bloomberg)

The situation came to a head in 2017 after President Donald Trump’s administration imposed tariffs of about 300% on the C Series, following claims from Boeing that Bombardier had benefited from illegal state aid.

While those duties were struck down by a U.S. trade panel, Airbus intervened with a plan to acquire a 50.01% stake in the program through a cash-free deal. The European group plans to build the plane at its plant in Alabama. Airbus announced last month it is expanding production in Mobile.

Though the deal closed in 2018, Bombardier continued to struggle with its debt, and said last month that it was looking at quitting the A220 altogether as a production ramp-up increased cash requirements. It injected $575 million in 2018 and 2019 and had committed $350 million for this year.

Following its exit, Bombardier has already received $531 million, with $60 million to be paid through 2021. The agreement cancels Bombardier warrants owned by Airbus, which will take over work packages for the A220 and the larger A330 through its subsidiary Stelia Aerospace, securing 360 jobs.

Bombardier breakup

The completion of Bombardier’s withdrawal advances the breakup of the former conglomerate.

The company sold its turboprop plane business to Longview Aviation Capital Corp. for $300 million in a deal completed last year, while Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. agreed to buy the CRJ regional jet arm for $550 million in June. Spirit AeroSystems Holdings Inc. announced the $500 million purchase of an A220 wing plant in Belfast, Northern Ireland, in October.

Bombardier is exploring a combination of its rail business with French rival Alstom SA, Bloomberg News reported Jan. 22. Such a deal would have an enterprise value of $5 billion to $6 billion, according to Bloomberg.

At the same time, the embattled manufacturer is mulling the disposal of its corporate jet operation, the sole remaining aviation business, to Textron Inc., maker of Cessna planes, the Wall Street Journal has said. That could fetch $4 billion to $5 billion, though both businesses may not be sold.

Debt burden

Bombardier’s debt burden is steep, rising to $14.8 billion from $10 billion when items including pension liabilities and operating leases are taken into account, according to a December report from S&P Global Ratings.

Fitch Ratings cut its rating last month to CCC+, seven steps below investment grade. S&P and Moody’s Investors Service lowered their outlooks to negative.

Quebec Premier Francois Legault said as recently as last month that additional money for the A220 was “out of the question.” The province, which has backed Bombardier for years to preserve jobs, initially invested $1 billion for a 50% stake in the former C Series. It will now own 25%, up from 16%.

(With assistance from Bloomberg’s Christopher Jasper and David Scanlan and Alabama NewsCenter’s Michael Tomberlin. Contact the at [email protected].)

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