DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) renewed the collaborative agreement. Under the funding award – which is valued at $140 million – the internationally known research center will continue to serve as a neutral test bed for new innovations that lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The renewed agreement took effect Oct. 1.
The National Carbon Capture Center, located adjacent to Alabama Power’s Plant Gaston, is expanding into new areas of research to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel-based power plants and to advance CO2 utilization and direct air capture (DAC) solutions. DOE created the center in 2009 to accelerate the development and commercialization of carbon capture technologies.
“Southern Company has partnered successfully with DOE and NETL to make the National Carbon Capture Center the nation’s premier R&D facility for carbon capture technologies,” said Mark Berry, Southern Company vice president of Research and Development. Southern Company is the parent of Alabama Power.
“We’re honored to renew this commitment for another five years and to formally expand the center’s work on carbon capture for natural gas power plants – as well as carbon utilization and negative-emission technologies such as direct air capture,” Berry said. “We believe broadening our research scope to include negative carbon solutions will prove critical in providing customers with clean, safe, reliable, affordable energy in a net zero future.”
In the past decade, more than 110,000 hours of technology testing has been completed at the carbon capture center for NETL, industry partners and developers from the U.S. and six other countries, successfully advancing a wide range of technologies toward commercial scale while improving their performance and reducing cost. The evaluation of over 60 technologies has already reduced the projected cost of carbon capture from fossil-fuel power generation by more than one-third. Further cost reductions are expected as new infrastructure at the center is deployed to test more carbon capture technologies for natural gas power plants.
“We are excited to continue our partnership with Southern Company and build on our successes by developing new technologies that further reduce the cost of capturing and reducing carbon dioxide emissions,” NETL Director Brian Anderson said. He said the carbon capture center “plays an important role in scaling up capture technologies and testing them under real-world conditions. Driving down the cost of and scaling up capture technologies will enable our nation to reduce its CO2 footprint and produce reliable and affordable energy, ensuring growth and economic prosperity,”
Carbon capture, utilization and storage technology is expected to provide an important pathway toward a low-carbon future. In 2018, Southern Company was the first electric and natural gas combination utility company to set a low- to no-carbon goal for its system. Earlier this year, Southern Company issued a net zero operations goal for 2050.
Based on research and planning, the company expects some fossil fuels will likely remain a part of its system energy mix in 2050 and is defining pathways to incorporate negative carbon strategies – like those being researched at the carbon capture center – and achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. As of 2019, Southern Company has reduced greenhouse gas emissions 44% from baseline 2007 levels. The company now expects to achieve a 50% reduction in GHG emissions from 2007 levels as early as 2025, well ahead of its 2030 goal.